Hooper Labs

Android Hacking

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Unpack APK (unzip)

unzip app.apk -d /path/to/directory

External Storage

Files created on external storage such as SD cards are globally readable and writable. Don't store sensitive information here! In addition, you should not store executable or class files because it should be treated as untrusted.

Apktool


Unpack APK (apktool)

apktool d app.apk

Get package name (reference) from APK

grep "package" ./application/AndroidManifest.xml

Convert smali to dex

fullpath=$(pwd); for file in $(find . -name "*.smali"); do smali a $fullpath/$file; done

ADB


List Devices

adb devices

Install App

adb install /path/to/apk

Upload File

adb push /from /to

Download File

adb pull /from /to

Uninstall Package (while specifying session)

adb -s 192.168.0.1:5555 uninstall com.app.local

List Packages

adb shell 'pm list package'

List Running Processes

adb shell 'ps | grep com'

Add a Device

adb connect 192.168.0.28:5555

Drop Shell on System

adb shell

Drop Shell on an emulated system

adb -s 192.168.0.165:5555 shell

Install Burp Certificate in Browser

Trusted Cert Location

/system/etc/security/cacerts

Downloads Folder Location

/storage/emulated/0/Download

Temporary Folder Location

/data/local/tmp

Loot Directories (secrets may be stored here)

/assets, /res/raw

Push Burp Certificate to System Store

adb -s 192.168.0.165:5555 push .\9a5ba575.0 /system/etc/security/cacerts

Remount RO Disk

adb remount

Check for package update functionality

application/vnd.android.package-archive

GenyMotion

Downloaded 'for personal use'. Created an account and chose existing VirtualBox installation. Clicked the "plus" to add a new device and selected Samsung 10 (2048 MB of memory). Booted up

Tools


Jadx (Convert APK to Java)

jadx -d /path/to/output app.apk

Dex2Jar (Convert APK to Jar)

d2j-dex2jar.sh /path/to/app.apk

JD-GUI

Java Decompiler for .JAR files

Apktool (convert source to smali)

apktool d file.apk

MARA Framework (Static Analysis)

./mara.sh -s '/path/to/app.apk'

QARK (Static Vulnerability Analysis Tool)

Decompiles/Scans for security issues

MobSF (Mobil Security Framework)

Automated analysis of Android/iOS/Windows for static and dynamic analysis.

Common API Calls


Execute Commands

Runtime.exec()

Execute Commands

ProcessBuilder()

Execute Commands

system()

Reversing


List Symbols from (shared) object files

nm -Ca foo.o

List functions dynamically (only meaningful for dynamic objects such as SO)

nm -D foo.so

List Information about Object

objdump -f foo.so

List (dis)assembly of executable sections

objdump -d foo.so

Generate Assembly

objdump --section=.text -s -d main.o

View GOT

objdump -d -j .got /path/to/bin

Uncrackable

adb -s 192.168.0.165:5555 reboot; adb -s 192.168.0.165:5555 install .\UnCrackable-Level1.apk

Frida


Definition

Frida is a dynamic binary instrumentation tool.

List processes

frida-ps -U -D 192.168.0.165:5555

Function tracing (traces read and recv functions within Twitter app)

frida-trace -i "recv" -i "read" twitter

Search for Root Detection Method

strings to search: /su,superuser.apk,supersu,busybox

Use Frida to attach to process/inject code

frida -D 192.168.0.165:5555 -l .\fridademo-pinBypass.txt infosecadventures.fridademo

Change arguements of Java Function

(within JS) var ret_value = this.function(2,5); return ret_value;

frida-trace (trace calls to a library)

frida-trace -D <device> -p <pid> -i "libfoo.so!"

frida-trace (trace calls to a library)

frida-trace -D <device> -p <pid> -i "Java_*""

Objection


Repack APK with frida-gadget DLL

objection patchapk -s test_app.apk

Interact with gadget

frida -U gadget

Reference

https://11x256.github.io/Frida-hooking-android-part-1/

Search for secrets in memory (objection)

memory search secretPass --string