Hooper Labs

Linux Enumeration

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System


OS Information

cat /etc/*-release

OS Version

cat /etc/issue

Kernel Version and Arch

uname -a

System Hostname

hostname

Users


Another Way to List passwd

getent passwd

Current Username/Privs

id

Logged On Users

w

User Info

who -a

Last logged in user

last -a

Add User

useradd -m user

Change current user password

passwd

Remove User

rmuser username

Find Valid Users

grep -vE "nologin|false" /etc/passwd

Sudoers

cat /etc/sudoers

Add User to Sudoers

sudo adduser <username> sudo

Sudo as other user

sudo -u otheruser bash

Network


Network Connection

ss

TCP/UDP Connection

netstat -punta

List of Open Files/Connections

lsof -i

List interfaces

ip link

Arp Table

arp

Routing Table

route

Domain Lookup

dig -x <ip-address>

Domain Lookup

host <ip-address>

Domain SRV Lookup

host -t SRV _service _tcp.url.com

Find DHCP Assignments

/var/log/messages | grep DHCP

SSH through a HTTP Proxy Tunnel

ssh cobb@127.0.0.1 -o "ProxyCommand=nc.openbsd -X connect -x 10.10.10.67:3128 %h %p"

List all Connections

ss -anp

List iptables Firewall Rules

grep -Hs iptables /etc/*

Processes, services, drivers


List Processes

ps -efww | ps -aef | ps aux

Kill Process

kill <pid>

Installed Packages (Debian)

dpkg -l

Installed Packages (Redhat/CENTOS)

rpm -qa

List Services

cat /etc/services

List All Kernel Modules

lsmod

Get Kernel Module Info

modinfo <drivername>

Files


Find pdf files

find -i -name file -type '.pdf

Determine File Type

file <file>

Search Recursively for File Content

grep -R 'thing'

Search for File Name

find . -iname 'config'

Find Root SUID Binaries

find / -xdev -user root ( -perm -4000 ) 2>/dev/null

Find Writable Directories

find / -writable -type d 2>/dev/null

Check User Home Directories

ls -lahR /home/

List Cron Jobs

ls /etc/cron* | xargs cat {}

List Cron Jobs for Current User

crontab -l

List Cron Jobs that Ran

grep CRON /var/log/cron.log

Access Windows SMB Share

smb:// ip /share

SMB Connect

smbclient -L \RALPH -I 10.11.1.3

Passwd File

cat /etc/passwd

Shadow File (password hashes)

cat /etc/shadow

Trash Bin

/home/your_username/.local/share/Trash

Updates the Local Database

updatedb

Misc


Update $PATH Variable

PATH=$PATH:/home/mypath

Download WebPage

wget http:// url -0 url.txt -o /dev/null

Remote Desktop

rdesktop 10.10.10.12

SCP Put File

scp /tmp/file user@x.x.x.x:/tmp/file

SCP Get File

scp user@ remoteip :/tmp/file /tmp/file

Command History

history <user>

Compile C Program

gcc -o outfile myfile.c

Interactive PTY Shell

python -c 'import pty; pty.spawn("/bin/sh")'

Cron Log

cat /var/log/cron

Redirect STERR to STOUT

command 2>&1

Unzip an Archive

unzip scripts.zip

Unpack a Tarball

tar xvzf tarball.tar.gz

Pack a Tar Archive

tar cvf tarball.tar files/*

Privesc Scripts


LinPEAS

<a href="https://github.com/carlospolop/privilege-escalation-awesome-scripts-suite/tree/master/linPEAS">https://github.com/carlospolop/privilege-escalation-awesome-scripts-suite/tree/master/linPEAS</a>

Filesystem


Find inode number of files in current directory (inodes are 4 bytes)

ls -i .

Find inode number of current directory

ls -id .

Read an inode

icat /dev/sdb1 <inode-number> | xxd | head

Input a file, block size, skip blocks, count for # blocks

dd if=/dev/mapper/VulnOSv2--vg-root bs=4096 skip=4718592 count=32767 > /images/bg144.raw

Find Ascii strings with decimal offset

strings -a -t d

Mount an NFS Share (requires nfsutils)

mount -t nfs 192.168.0.1:/home/karl nfs

List all mounted filesystems

mount

List Drives Mounted at Boot

cat /etc/fstab

View all Available Disks

lsblk

Anti-Forensics


Change Timestamps (use current time)

touch -t

Stop Logggin to .bash_history

unset HISTFILE

Zero Messages Log

echo > /var/log/messages

strace sniffing

System Administration


Start a Service at Boot (newer)

systemctl enable apache2

Start a Service at Boot (older)

update-rc.d enable apache2

Crontab Examples (https://crontab.guru/examples.html)


Every Minute

Mysql


Failed to start DB troubleshooting